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Army History\Organization -- Question & Answer Listing  
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Question / Answer

Question:
What is meant by "Command Structure?"

Answer:
Command Structure is the organizational structure for a military unit or activity that identifies the make-up of the unit or activity and who reports to whom.

Question:
What is meant by the "Chain of Command?"

Answer:
The Chain of Command provides the official framework on which America's armed services are built, and consists of a number of organizations that the military refer to as units.

Question:
What is Retreat?

Answer:
Retreat refers to the lowering of the flag each day (usually 1700) while the bugle call "Retreat" is played.

Question:
What is Taps?

Answer:
"Taps" is the most easily recognized military bugle call that is played at military funerals, wreath-laying and memorial services, and is the last bugle call of the day on military installations signifying "lights out."

Question:
What is the command structure for a Company?

Answer:
A Company is typically made up of platoons and is commanded by a captain (with a first sergeant).

Question:
What is the command structure for a Division?

Answer:
A Division is composed of brigades and is commanded by a Major General.

Question:
What is the command structure for a Fire Team?

Answer:
A Fire Team is made up of Soldiers and commanded by a Team Leader.

Question:
What is the command structure for a Platoon?

Answer:
A Platoon is composed of squads and commanded by a lieutenant (with a platoon sergeant).

Question:
What is the command structure of a Squad?

Answer:
A Squad is composed of approximately a dozen Soldiers and commanded by a sergeant or staff sergeant.

Question:
What is the correct protocol for change of command ceremonies?

Answer:
Everyone is welcomed to attend change of command ceremonies is a clear, legal, and symbolic passing of authority and responsibility from one command to the next. The official orders are read while the unit guidon (or colors) is passed from the outgoing command to the incoming commander. The senior noncommissioned officer also participates in the passing of the colors. At the conclusion of the ceremony, the new commander normally goes to the reception area while the outgoing commander usually does not attend the reception. (Note: It has become increasingly common for a change of responsibility ceremony to be conducted when the Command Sergeant Major or First Sergeant leaves a unit.) If you received a special invitation, be sure to RSVP on time to be included in the seating assignments.
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