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Organizational Impacts -- Question & Answer Listing  
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Question / Answer

Question:
Are strategic leaders more concerned with long-term issues?

Answer:
Although strategic leaders may focus more on long-term issues and goals that support the organization’s vision, they also need to be concerned with short-term issues. Many short-term issues need to be resolved in order for an organization to reach its long-term goals. It is a strategic leader’s responsibility to recognize this and balance organizational priorities.

Question:
As a leader of (or advisor to) a volunteer organization, what information should I know about monetary resource issues?

Answer:
As a leader of (or advisor to) a volunteer organization, it is important for you to know everything you can about your organization’s budget. How much money do you need to maintain your programs and services? Are you provided with sufficient funds or do you need to seek donations? Most volunteer and/or nonprofit organizations have specific operating procedures that they must follow, specifically regarding financial matters. Learn the laws, regulations, and other legal restrictions that apply to your agency. Recognize that other organizations may be competing for funds in your military and/or civilian community. Seek information on the fiscal policies and resource decisions that govern and/or impact your organization and learn what you need to do to be competitive for those resources.

Question:
How do individuals' needs impact group development?

Answer:
A group consists of a number of unique individuals - all of whom bring with them unique talents, personalities, and individual needs. Some individuals may choose to be part of a group to satisfy a need for socialization. They just want a sense of belonging and are likely to be the members who seek group cohesion in order to fulfill their need for friendship and affiliation. Other members may seek membership in a group to gain a stronger sense of self-worth. They may be motivated to take on tasks in order to gain a sense of accomplishment and respect from others. These individuals often take on leadership roles in the group or are responsible for motivating other group members to succeed with completing their tasks. Some people may join a group because of a need for attention and can often disrupt the group's development. Individuals unique needs can have both positive and negative impact (disruptive) on group development. Check with the references listed for more information on group dynamics.

Question:
How do political issues impact the military?

Answer:
Political issues can have a great deal of impact on the military. For example, they impact the military's missions and influence the priorities placed on the military's resources such as their budget, draw downs, leadership, etc. As an individual and a member of a military community, you are justified in having your own opinions and beliefs, but it is important that you do not misrepresent your own personal political beliefs as those of the Army. Note that Soldiers and civilian employees have to take a pledge to abide by the Constitution of the United States of America. Even if they do not agree with certain government or Army policies, they must still abide by it.

Question:
How do strategic leaders manage external forces that affect their organization?

Answer:
There are many skills and techniques that strategic leaders use to manage external forces affecting their organization. One of the most important things they do is obtain as much information as possible about external situations or forces. Timely and relevant information, access to appropriate resources, and strong leadership help them and prepare for (or face) challenges that develop from these outside influences.

Question:
How do strategic leaders manage risk?

Answer:
As with external forces, strategic leaders plan for uncertainty and risk-taking by arming themselves with as much information as possible about the situation at hand. Most strategic leaders recognize that they may never have all the information they would like to have prior to making a decision. Their integrity, values, maturity, and experience allow them to tolerate this ambiguity, using the tools and information they have at hand to analyze the situation and make necessary decisions. Strategic leaders develop a balance between responsibility and risk-taking and, when appropriate, take reasonable risk.

Question:
How does an organization turn its vision into reality?

Answer:
Leaders need to communicate the organization’s vision to all members of the organization and develop a strategic plan to enable them to realize it. The plan should include both short-term and long-term goals and leaders at all levels should develop their own plans to achieve these goals. It is important to inspire all members of an organization to share the organization’s vision, take ownership of the plan developed to realize this vision, and take pride in the successes achieved along the way. It is also important for leaders to develop a mechanism for the organization to measure its success in achieving the vision and to monitor the organization's progress in achieving it. Learn more about this subject by reviewing the references listed.

Question:
How does one's appearance impact the audience's perception during a presentation?

Answer:
One’s personal appearance (e.g., clothing, jewelry, hair, etc.) influence’s the audience’s perception of you and the image you project. Therefore, it is important to dress appropriately for your audience. If you are a comedian, it might be perfectly appropriate to wear mismatched clothes and colorful make-up and/or accessories, but if you are making a more serious presentation, such as in an academic setting, you may want to wear something more professional and minimize the accessories so the audience’s focus is more on your words than your appearance. The Army Family Team Building (AFTB) Program’s master training course includes some instructional material about projecting the proper image. Although the focus of this course is to train individuals to become AFTB instructors, their materials offer some very practical suggestions on what to wear when making a presentation. For example, they recommend that the attire be professional and to wear non-distracting accessories. They also warn prospective instructors to minimize scents. Heavy perfumes can be distracting and also offensive to some members of your audience. Pay attention to grooming details (e.g., look in the mirror before beginning your presentation). If unsure of your audience, ask the person coordinating the presentation. The image you might want to project for a group of six year olds would probably be very different from the one you would want to project for a group of scientists at a medical convention.

Question:
How does organizational burnout affect an organization?

Answer:
Organizational burnout refers to a complicated condition in the workplace that is most often caused by a conflict between an employee’s values, priorities and needs and those of the organization. This type of conflict naturally tends to have a negative impact on the effectiveness and credibility of the organization because individuals tend to feel resentful and apathetic about their job. They are often frustrated; feel powerless and isolated. As stress in the workplace goes up, productivity tends to go down.

Question:
How does the environment we are in affect the members of an organization?

Answer:
Many factors about the environment can affect the members of an organization, and much of the impact depends on the purpose of the group and the diversity of the group members. For example, if it is a Family Readiness Group in Korea, chances are that some of the members may be Korean. In order to be more sensitive to the Korean group members, it might be nice to arrange some activities that incorporate the Korean culture. This would help to make the Korean members feel more included and expose non-Korean members to their host nation’s culture and traditions. when possible, adapting the environment to compliment the audience can be an effective way to increase both the comfort level of group members as well as their participation.
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