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How is the Army organized?  
The Army consists of the Active component, the U.S. Army Reserve Component, the National Guard, and Dept. of the Army Civilians. The Army is organized by a hierarchy of units with each one containing subordinate elements from combat arms, combat support, and combat service units. The smallest group of Soldiers organized to maneuver and fire is called a squad that typically consists of 9 to 10 Soldiers. Several squads make up a platoon, which is typically let by a lieutenant with a non-commissioned officer (NCO) as second in charge. Three to five platoons form a company, troop (cavalry unit), or battery (artillery unit) and is commanded by a captain with a first sergeant as the commander’s chief NCO. There are typically four to six company level units in a battalion or squadron (for an armored or air cavalry unit of equal size), which is normally commanded by a lieutenant colonel (LTC) and command sergeant major (CSM) as his chief NCO assistant. Two to five battalion size units make up a brigade, regiment (armored cavalry), or group (ranger and special forces units) and is commanded by a colonel (COL) with a command sergeant major (CSM) as his chief NCO assistant. Several brigade-sized (typically 3) elements make up a division that is commanded by a major general (MG). Divisions consist of two to five divisions form a corps, which is typically commanded by a lieutenant general (LTG). The largest operational groups in the Army are called armies (the Theater Army, Field Army and Army Group). There are also major commands that are formed by these elements of the Army such as U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR) – headquartered in Germany and U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command – headquartered in Virginia. For more information on how the Army is organized, visit the Army’s official website at http://www.army.mil.
Keywords: Division, Army Organizations, Unit

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